Thereal time news Twenty -eighth Conference of the Contracting Congress (COP28) held in the United Nations Climate Change Framework Convention in Dubai, the United States, has come to an end, but the work of various countries is still in progress.Because the copy of the COP28 resolution was divergent.But at this critical moment,China has played a vital role, not only actively promoting consultations with all parties, but also announced the initiative to launch the "Kunmond framework" implementation initiative.
This decision is a milestone significance,Even the American allies actively join the initiativeAt the time of difficulties, China once again brought out Chinese wisdom and promoted the success of this conference.
(Special envoy of Xie Zhenhua and the U.S. Presidential Climate Special Envoy, Ceri, met during COP28)
This climate conference,Frankly speaking, it is the "most difficult" session in recent years. As of now, there are 27 pages of cases formed, and up to 206 problems need to be resolved.Even the most critical part of the fossil fuel's future use plan is still one of the biggest differences.You know, the location of this conference is the UAE,The UAE is one of the major fossil fuels in the world.The country has abundant oil and natural gas resources, and its economy depends to a large extent on the development and export of these resources.
Especially the two chiefs, Abu Dhabi and Dubai, are known for their important positions in the international oil industry.Abu Dhabi has the largest proportion of the country's oil reserves and produces oil and gas production through its national petroleum company Abu Dhabi National Petroleum Corporation.
The Dubai, which held the climate conference this time, is still slightly different from Abu Dhabi. Although Dubai discovered oil in the 1960s, its reserves were not as rich as neighboring Abu Dhabi.Over time, Dubai successfully diversified its economic model. At present, the main pillars of the Dubai economy include tourism, aviation, real estate and financial services.Therefore, although oil has played an important role in Dubai's development, Dubai no longer depends on oil income.By investing in infrastructure, tourism and other non -oil fields, Dubai has built a more diverse economic system.
(COP28 is held in Dubai World Bo City)
Because of this, the Dubai climate meeting has its best to hold a climate meeting, but this time COP28 is also accompanied by great controversy. On the one hand, the oil and natural gas industries will still have a significant impact on the economic and exports of many countries in the next years.On the other hand, this meeting almost formed two factions from the beginning.A faction is Saudi Arabia and Russia and other countries,They believe that the meeting should only pay attention to reducing air pollution, not fossil fuels that cause pollution.The other faction is a country that includes the United States, the European Union, and many poverty -stricken and easy to be affected by climate changeThe COP28 resolution is required to be clearly required to stop using fossil fuel.
Jie Zhenhua, a special envoy of climate change in China, also said that it is difficult for COP28 to achieve success without solving the problem of fossil fuel.
However, the Chinese side did not shrink back. Instead, it was a solution to intensively negotiate with the major contracting parties, actively looking for a solution that conforms to the spirit of the Paris Agreement and allows all parties to accept to the greatest extent.
(The development and utilization of fossil fuel accompanied by pollution)
In this regard, China not only said that China will achieve carbon peaks by 2030, but to this day, many fields have taken the lead in making achievements.In terms of the cost of wind power, China has reduced 80%, and the cost of photovoltaic power generation has been reduced by 90%, which has laid a very good foundation for global large -scale deployment of renewable energy sources.
In addition, China must not only do a good job, but also help other countries with difficulty in transformation. Through South -South cooperation and the green "Belt and Road", there are various forms of support, help and cooperation.China ’s family funds and technology cooperation.
It can be said,At this World Climate Conference, China brought too many surprises.However, it is even more noteworthy that China is still during this conference,Milestone decisions were made.
(Eldapra PV2 photovoltaic power station in cooperation between China and the UAE)
During the period of COP28,China has announced its initiative to launch the implementation of the "Kunming-Montelier Global Biological Diversity Framework".The "Kunmond Framework" was led by China as the chairman of the President State at the fifteenth part of the Convention on the "Biological Diversity Convention" held by Montreal at the end of last year and eventually promoted it.This is a strategic plan aimed at guiding global biodiversity to protect and restore efforts.
The goal of the "Kunmeng framework" is that in 2050, it is necessary to realize the harmonious symbiosis of man and nature, the biodiversity is well protected, and through strong and emergency action to achieve biodiversity recovery.in,The "3030" goal is one of the key goals in the Kunmond framework.It proposes that at least 30%of land and ocean areas by 2030 should be effectively protected.And through the establishment of strict protection areas, restoration of degraded ecosystems, and other effective area protection measures, it can enhance the climate toughness and ecological stability of the Earth's community of life.
(The 15th meeting of the Convention on the Biological Diversity Convention on Biological Diversity was held in Montreal, Canada)
It can be seen that the concept of the "Kunmeng Framework" and the climate conference coincides. China announced that it was initiated at this time to launch the framework implementation initiative, which represents the sincerity and attitude of China to solve the problem on climate issues.You know, the "Kunmeng framework" includes old American allies, such as Canada, Germany and other countries very much support.