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Climate experts: developed countries should pay for "climate loss"

2024-03-05 12:26:36 breaking news



On May 12, Uganda Kisolo caused floods and landslides in the rainstorm, and people tried to use wooden stakes to build bridges.Picture Source Visual China

China Youth Daily · China Youth Network Leader Zhao Tingting reporter Wang Zi

Erin Muya, a farmer near Uganda Elgong, found that the land near her house was getting wider and wider.For the safety of the children, she is ready to move.

According to the Wall Street Journal, affected by extreme weather, the rainfall mode in the Elgghan area has changed, and the destructive rainfall has caused landslide, which has killed more than 1,000 people.In November, the Ugandan government began to implement a residential resettlement plan and would relocate 100,000 residents.

The Wall Street Journal states that this is the largest relocation project related to the climate -related climate in southern Sahara and one of the world's largest relocation projects.

Data from the World Bank show that by 2050, 216 million people around the world will be forced to relocate due to climate change, most of which come from developing countries.Their homeland will no longer be suitable for human beings.

In South Sudan, affected by the recorded floods, about 900,000 people have been unable to cultivate farmland for 4 consecutive years.In Somalia, some families who shed disasters to avoid droughts found that their temporary tents were suddenly drowned by floods brought by heavy rain.In the southern part of Mozambique, the tropical cyclone "Freddi" made thousands of people homeless.

Developing countries are far less responsible for global warming than developed countries, but they have taken the most serious impact in climate change.According to the British "Guardian", developing countries suffer more than 400 billion US dollars due to extreme weather, and this number is still increasing.Experts call on developed countries to increase climate financing and provide financial support for developing countries.

The Associated Press reported that at the Twenty -eighth Conference of the Contracting Congress (COP28) held in the UAE's Dubai of the UAE, the establishment of losses and damage funds for the establishment of climate disasters suffered by the fragile country became an important issue.The conference passed the text of the losses and damage fund agreement, and the source of funds was determined, and the funds were custody by the World Bank.

According to the Guardian, the UAE, Germany, the United States, Japan and other countries donated a total of $ 700 million.From the perspective of Hargit Singh, the global political strategy head of the non -profit organization "International Climate Action", this amount is insignificant compared to the huge losses of hundreds of billions of dollars per year."The fund has been established for more than 30 years. In developed countries, especially the United States, as the largest pollution country in history, the donation is so meager, revealing that it is indifferent to the dilemma of developing countries."

Climate experts said that the loss and damage fund should be a new, extra donation, not a loan.At present, the nature and implementation time of the fund's donation funds are still unclear. Few countries have published details, and many issues need to follow up and negotiate.

"((Developed countries) the funds promised at COP28 are very small." Lian Van Dam, a senior propagandist at the International Environmental Law Center, told the Guardian that related discussions exposed the hypocrisy of rich countries.Used for losses and damage funds is to perform their obligations, not to be charity.

The land in the Elgon is fertile, with high -quality Arabica coffee beans, which has long been supplied to American brands such as Starbucks and Blue Bottle Coffee.

Looking at the land that has been cultivated for generations and the newly harvested coffee beans in a basket of coffee beans, Mu Ya was worried: "Without the income of a coffee garden, I don’t know how to take care of the children, but I have no choice.here."

Editor in charge: Wang Zi

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