At the 28th United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP28) held in Dubai,breaking news UAE, the implementation of the Paris Agreement for the first time was considered as the most important climate conference since 2015.During the conference, major countries reached a number of new consensus to respond to climate change, showing a more positive attitude, which will have an important impact on the global energy transformation path in the next stage.
The Paris Agreement was reached at the 2015 COP21 conference to guide countries around the world to take action to avoid risk of climate change.According to the agreement, countries have promised to control the global average temperature higher than the level before industrialization to 2 degrees Celsius, and work hard to control the heating in 1.5 degrees Celsius.
To achieve this goal, countries agreed to achieve carbon neutrality in the second half of this century.However, promise does not mean unintentional actions. From the actual situation, global climate operations are still not enough to achieve the goal of the Paris Agreement.An official assessment of independent contributions to countries released earlier this month found that global emissions in 2030 will lead to the heating up of 2.1 degrees Celsius to 2.8 degrees Celsius at the end of this century.This may bring catastrophic consequences to the world, especially developing countries.The extreme weather that has occurred in recent years has been constantly reminding us of the approaching of potential risks.To cope with this change, major countries have proposed more positive energy transformation goals.
Significant improvement of renewable energy installation is the most striking result of this climate conference.On December 2nd, more than 100 countries signed the "Declaration of Global Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency", which proposed that the global renewable energy installation capacity of 2030 reached three times that of 2022, that is, the installed machine exceeded 11 billion kilowatts;1 times, from 2%to 4%.This new goal is exciting, and it has also become one of the most widely supported measures at the conference.This promise releases the signal of "further speed up the global green transformation" to various industries, and the large -scale increase in renewable energy installations such as wind power and solar energy is essential to achieve carbon neutrality and goals worldwide.
my country is the leader of the world's global renewable energy field. It not only installed the largest scale in the world, but also has new energy in the world for the world's first place.Taking 2022 as an example, my country added 37.63 million kilowatts of wind power and 87.41 million kilowatts of photovoltaic, respectively, accounting for 45.6%and 48.5%of global wind power and photovoltaic installations.It is expected that the installation of renewable energy power generation in my country will exceed 1.45 billion kilowatts at the end of this year. Wind power photovoltaic power generation will exceed 1 billion kilowatts, a record high.Through technological innovation, the cost of new energy power generation has been greatly reduced, so that the world can afford clean power.
The improvement of renewable energy installation goals not only provide new investment opportunities for the global new energy industry, inject new kinetic energy into the economic recovery, but also put forward a major test for the security of the supply chain.At present, the trade protection measures for new energy equipment have been raised. This behavior will only push up the cost of global energy transformation and exacerbate the risk of supply chain. It requires countries to jointly maintain the stability of the supply chain with a more open and inclusive mentality to promote energy transformation.At the same time, in order to ensure the smooth switching of the energy structure, the supporting power grid facilities and adjustment of power construction cannot be left behind.
Surprisingly, the joint declaration of nuclear energy for the first time in the history of the conference.More than 20 countries have launched the "Three Period Energy Declaration", which plans to achieve the global nuclear installation capacity by twice the goal by 2020 by 2050.As of the end of 2022, a total of 422 nuclear power units in 33 countries and regions had a total installed capacity of 378 million kilowatts.It is speculated that the global nuclear power scale will exceed 1.1 billion kilowatts by 2050.
Since entering the 21st century, nuclear energy has helped the world to reduce about 30 billion tons of greenhouse gas emissions, providing a quarter of the world's clean power.At the same time, nuclear energy helps energy security and power grid stability, and can promote the large -scale application of new energy.Under the premise of ensuring safety, the flexibility and stable deployment of nuclear energy also helps to reduce emission reduction in areas such as regional heating, seawater dilute, industrial production and hydrogen production.There is no doubt that nuclear energy will play a more critical role in achieving carbon neutrality.
As one of the few countries in the world with independent and complete nuclear industry industry chains, my country has formed system capabilities such as uranium resource development, nuclear fuel protection, nuclear equipment manufacturing, nuclear engineering construction, nuclear waste treatment and other system capabilities.Recently, the world's first fourth -generation nuclear power plant launched in my country has already possessed "inherent security", which further proves that humans can use nuclear energy more securely.The nuclear power industry chain is long, and the investment has a strong effect. my country should seize the historical opportunities of nuclear energy development and continue to promote China's standard nuclear power technology to the world.